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Biturbo

1981 Maserati Biturbo - interior view of the classic sporty coupe

When the Biturbo was presented in December 1981, a new era started for Maserati. Alejandro De Tomaso’s plan to turnaround Maserati’s economic situation was the introduction of a compact coupé which offered first level performance and an interesting price setting. The purpose of this strategy was attracting new customers to Maserati. The Biturbo's engine was a new and compact 90-degree V6 with a three-valve cylinder head design. The adoption of two small turbochargers was a world's first on a production car, as was the Torsen limited-slip rear differential. The Biturbo became a big commercial success thanks to its excellent performances and luxury interior, but first generation versions suffered from quality issues associated with a quick expansion of the production volumes. In 1983, the more powerful Biturbo S was presented with twin intercoolers and could be distinguished by its two Naca air ducts on the bonnet. In 1986 and 1987, both versions were upgraded with fuel injection (Biturbo i and Biturbo Si).

Data sheet BiturboBiturbo SBiturbo i Biturbo Si
Model code Tipo AM331Tipo AM331Tipo AM331Tipo AM331
Body type 2-door, 5-seater three-box coupè 2-door, 5-seater three-box coupè 2-door, 5-seater three-box coupè 2-door, 5-seater three-box coupè
Design Pierangelo AndreaniPierangelo AndreaniPierangelo AndreaniPierangelo Andreani
Production years 1982 - 19851983 - 19861986 - 19901986 - 1988
Maserati era De TomasoDe TomasoDe TomasoDe Tomaso
Numbers produced 11,919 (all)11,919 (all)11,919 (all)11,919 (all)
Chassis Monocoque steel constructionMonocoque steel constructionMonocoque steel constructionMonocoque steel construction
Dry weight1,086kg1,086kg1,086kg1,086kg
Engine configuration90° V6, three valves per cylinder (two intake, one exhaust), single overhead camshaft, twin-turbo90° V6, three valves per cylinder (two intake, one exhaust), single overhead camshaft, twin-turbo90° V6, three valves per cylinder (two intake, one exhaust), single overhead camshaft, twin-turbo90° V6, three valves per cylinder (two intake, one exhaust), single overhead camshaft, twin-turbo
Displacement1,996cc1,996cc1,996cc1,996cc
Maximum power 180hp @ 6,000rpm205hp @ 6,500rpm187hp @ 6,000rpm220hp @ 6,350rpm
Top speed 215km/h221km/h220km/h228km/h
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